Useful Links

Once you have enjoyed exploring this site, here are some further links which may be helpful. They come from a wide variety of sources around the world. We've tried to keep this useful list of links updated: if you find any that have stopped working, or would like to suggest additions, please click to email us.

The official Maldon town site

Maldon District Council

Maeldune Heritage Centre

Contains a 40 foot long embroidery depicting the battle.

Google Earth - Battle of Maldon

Google Earth gives a much better aerial view

The Battle of Maldon - translation

Dr AK Hostetter's translation - Old English Poetry Project (Rutgers University,New Jersey, USA)

Life in Norway - Viking Blog

Dive into the history, lifestyle and culture to try to figure out what viking life in Norway was really like

Viking Archaeology Blog

A general blog on Viking archeology, primarily for the Oxford University online course.

Singing the Song: Battle of Maldon

A translation by Jonathan Glenn

Old English (Intermediate Saxon) version of the poem

From the University of Georgetown

Commentary and Translation

More from Jonathan Glen from his own Lightspill web-site

Anglo Saxon Chronicle

The entry for the year 991AD

Viking Longship - Wikipedia

Wikipedia's reference page about Longships

The Viking Network Web

The Vikings - what is myth and what is fact?

Battle of Maldon

Notes from University of Chicago

The Battle of Maldon

Bibliotheca Augustana, a site based in Germany

British Battles: Battle of Maldon

A brief resume from the Britain Express site

Sir Robert Bruce Cotton

The manuscript of the Battle of Maldon poem was lost by fire from his important library at Ashburnham House in 1731 (23 October to be precise!).

The Cotton Library

Detailed information about this private collection

Regia Angelorum

Anglo-Saxon, Viking, Norman, and British living history. They aim to recreate a cross-section of life between AD950 and 1066..

Battlefield Resource Guide

Created by the UK Battlefields Trust

Maldon Battle & Campaign

A detailed report from the UK Battlefields Resource Centre. (PDF)

English Heritage Battlefield Report

This 12 page report contains historical context, landscape evolution, sources and interpretation, and an indication of importance of the battle. (PDF)

Battle of Maldon - Wikipedia

Wikipedia's reference to the battle.

The Battle of Maldon - Translation

From WW Norton, New York (PDF file)

Sculpting the Battle of Maldon

Dr Steve Pastner's take on sculpting the Battle Of Maldon - his sculptures grow from his work as a University of Vermont and University of Michigan anthropology professor.

Battle of Maldon Contempories

Literary Encyclopedia - Paul Cavill

Pirates of the Past: The Vikings

A comprehensive and easily accessible introduction to the Vikings

All About Viking Ships

A rundown of what we kinow about Viking ships from the Centre of Northern York's Knowledge Association in Maine, USA

Resource Guide to Norse Mythology

A very accessible beginner's guide with lots of useful links - don't be put off by 'Death Wish Coffee'!

Viking raids

Timeline of the most famous Viking raids, including the Battle of Maldon.

The British Library - link

The British Library holds a massive range of books and manuscripts. You can search their catalogue on-line for Battle of Maldon references.

Your Local Web - Maldon

Maldon information via YourLocalWeb

Link to Sutton Hoo information

A site maintained by the Sutton Hoo Society - magnificent images of the Anglo-Saxon treasures found at this site near Woodbridge in Suffolk, England, not too distant from Maldon in Essex.

Sutton Hoo Treasures

A definitive history of the Sutton Hoo Treasure. Featured in the Netflix hit The Dig, this isn’t just one of the richest treasures ever found on British soil. It’s also a historical discovery of immeasurable value and significance. 

Another translation can be found in:

'The Battle of Maldon and Other Old English Poems'  - Kevin Crossley-Holland and Bruce Mitchell  - MacMillian  1967

More background information on the Battle of Maldon can be found in Derek Punchard's and Barbara Smith's chapters in:

 'Maeldune - Light on Maldon's Distant Past' published by the Maldon Archaeological Group. 1992  ISBN 0 9511948 1 X Now available on line at

Maldon Archeological Group's Reports:

Battle of Maldon Translation by Bill Griffiths - no longer appear available on line, but may be purchased Oxbow Books ISBN-13: 978-0-9516209-0-8
ISBN-10: 0-9516209-0-8

If you can still find a copy, a Maldon classic:

'Maldon and the River Blackwater (with Plan, Chart, and Numerous Illustrations)'  by E.A. Fitch  (1898?)  Published by Gowers Ltd. in Maldon.

'The Book of Maldon'  Ian Linton - Barracuda Books Ltd. 1984 ISBN 0 86023 185 2 has a brief section which puts the battle in context.

TideA new book, published in 2106, 'Tide' by Hugh Aldersey-Williams - The science and lore of the greatest force on earth - uses a short extract from Wilfrid Berridge's translation on this website on the effect of the state of the tides in the Battle of Maldon.

"From Cnut to D-Day: the history and science of the unceasing tide explored for the first time. Half of the world's population lives in coastal regions lapped by tidal waters. Yet how little most of us know about the tide. Our ability to predict and understand the tide depends on centuries of science, from the observations of Aristotle and the theories of Newton to today's supercomputer calculations. This story is punctuated here by notable tidal episodes in history, from Caesar's thwarted invasion of Britain to the catastrophic flooding of Venice, and interwoven with a rich folklore that continues to inspire art and literature today. With Aldersey-Williams as our guide to the most feared and celebrated tidal features on the planet, from the original maelstrøm in Scandinavia to the world's highest tides in Nova Scotia to the crumbling coast of East Anglia, the importance of the tide, and the way it has shaped - and will continue to shape - our civilization, becomes startlingly clear."

"Hugh Aldersey-Williams’s scholarly survey of the history of tides, from the Bristol Channel to the Bay of Fundy, is enlightening" (The Guardian)

"Hugh Aldersey-Williams travels to see the highest tides in the world in Canada, steps out on the Thames to go mudlarking and crosses Morecambe Bay at low tide" (The Times)

Viking swords